MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is widely used for managing and storing data. It was developed by MySQL AB, which was later acquired by Sun Microsystems and then Oracle Corporation. MySQL is written in the C and C++ programming languages and is available under both open-source and commercial licenses.
Key features of MySQL include:
Relational database: MySQL follows the relational model, organizing data into tables with rows and columns. This structure makes it suitable for handling structured data.
SQL Support: MySQL supports the Structured Query Language (SQL), which is a standard language used for managing and querying relational databases.
Performance: MySQL is known for its high performance and scalability, making it suitable for both small and large-scale applications.
Platform Independence: MySQL is available for various operating systems, including Windows, Linux, macOS, and others, making it a versatile choice for developers.
Replication: MySQL supports replication, allowing you to create multiple copies of your database for improved redundancy and fault tolerance.
Security: MySQL provides various security features, such as user authentication, data encryption, and access control, to protect the data stored in the database.
Triggers and Stored Procedures: MySQL allows the creation of triggers and stored procedures, which are pre-defined sets of actions that can be executed when certain events occur or in response to specific queries.
Community Support: Being an open-source project, MySQL has a vast community of users and developers who contribute to its development and offer support through forums, mailing lists, and other online resources.